Rational Amateurs: Excellence and Authenticity

[I worked on this paper between 2011 and 2013. It put together two papers that were related but not very well integrated, and it was originally pretty polemical. It got savaged by reviewers. Eventually I gave up on it, but I had done a lot of research on amateurism and the amateur ideal and it never sat well with me that that part of it vanished into darkness. So, this is a much truncated version that I tried to salvage some years ago, but then gave up on again. ]